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42 D+C Vol.42.2015:1 must command some basic skills and understand the technology. What is Arba Minch University doing in this field? Four years ago, we set up a solar competence centre in cooperation with Sahay Solar Africa, a German non-gov- ernmental organisation. We are training engineers and electricians. So far, we have trained over 300 students. We also go out to the rural areas and teach local people. In cooperation with Neu-Ulm University of Applied Sciences, we are running an applied entrepreneurship education programme (AEEP). The goal is to develop new business ideas based on off-grid applications. The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and private companies are involved in the programme too. We want to incubate new businesses in cooperation with German partners. The focus is on business and management aspects, whereas our competence centre is promoting technological skills. Seven of our tutors spent eight weeks in Neu- Ulm this year and were taught there. Afterwards, we held courses in and near Arba Minch this summer with around 50 students. Are there any tangible results? Yes, there are. Our students have developed several products and business ideas like mobile solar wagons with charging stations, mobile solar photo studios with a laptop and printer or a mobile ice cream machine. They developed a system for franchising those products to local people. We are currently testing the scheme in the area around Arba Minch as well as in Laka, a mountain village some 60 kilometres away from the town. We are getting along pretty well, although we do face challenges such as heavy rainfalls and flooded streets in the mountain areas. Is the involvement of private-sector companies important? Yes, it is a crucial issue. It helps us that we can build on practical experience of companies like Phaesun from Germany. Phaesun specialises in off-grid systems and has been active in Ethiopia for some time. It inspires our students to see that PV is indeed commercially viable, even at an international level. Engidaw Abel Hailu heads the Solar Competence Center at Arba Minch University in Ethiopia. [email protected] Interview Letter Trees on someone else’s land D+C/E+Z 2014/10, p. 390 f., Lea Dünow, Christian Pirzer and Anja Schelchen: ­“Protecting the environment” I am upset at your essay’s failing to mention property rights. Who will want to plant trees on someone else’s land? Doing so would not even make sense on public ground, since private interests domi- nate local politics in Brazil. The trees would not be taken care of and soon destroyed or used for private benefit. The report’s key expression “mutirão” (mutual help) is misleading in this context since it would presuppose equal rights. Proposing com- munity action which really will only benefit private inter- ests is not a democratic ap- proach in good faith. Professionals may accept to write this kind of report for the sake of their own employ- ment, and government offi- cials at all levels play along. Your essay, however, grossly overlooks the needs of the people concerned. Dirk Belau, São Paulo D12104ISSN0721-2178 Ethiopia Opportunities for youth with disabilities Vietnam Environmentally correct tanning business Brazil Citizens contribute to prevention of disasters Hoping for peace DEVELOPMENT AND COOPERATION ENTWICKLUNG UND ZUSAMMENARBEIT International Journal Volume 41 October 2014 2,20 Euro No. 10 2014 Exzellenz verbindet – be part of a worldwide network. www.humboldt-foundation.de Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Jean-Paul-Str. 12 53173 Bonn Germany [email protected] Collaborating for a better climate through the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation’s International Climate Protection Fellowships Climate change and its global impact are one of the major challenges for the future. To meet these challenges we need world-spanning, multi-disciplinary collaboration. The Humboldt Foundation’s International Climate Protection Fellowship targets prospective leaders from transition and developing countries working in the field of climate protection. For one year, they will be able to conduct a research-related project of their own choice together with partners in business, academia, administration or non-governmental organisations in Germany. Up to twenty fellowships are funded under the International Climate Initiative of the Federal Environment Ministry. The aim is to forge a network in which experts from Germany work together with colleagues from transition and developing countries on an equal footing. For sixty years, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation has been creating a fertile climate for worldwide cooperation between excellent researchers and leaders from all disciplines. Every year more than 700 research fellowships and research awards lay important foundations for joint research. For more information please visit: www.humboldt-foundation.de/ICF Closing date for applications: 15 March 2015 AvH_14_018_Anzeige Klimaschutz_210x280_engl_rz_1.1.indd 1 22.09.14 14:07 Arbib/Lineair The national power grid does not cover all of Ethiopia. No. 102014 AvH_14_018_Anzeige Klimaschutz_210x280_engl_rz_1.1.indd 122.09.1414:07

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