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D+C Vol.42.2015:1 7 In December, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon published a synthesis report on the post-2015 agenda. It stresses the urgency of “ending pov- erty, transforming all lives and pro- tecting the planet”. The first page spells out a stark ­alternative: “With our globalised economy and sophisticated technology, we can decide to end the age-old ills of extreme poverty and hunger. Or we can continue to degrade our planet and allow intolerable inequalities to sow bitterness and despair.” The title of the document is “The road to dignity”. Ban states that this year is crucial be- cause UN conferences are set to: decide on issues of development finance in Addis Ababa in July, agree a list of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in New York in September, and conclude an agreement on climate pro- tection in Paris in December. The report emphasises that the topics are inter-related. According to it, the de- bate on the SDGs has progressed fast and promisingly since it began at the Rio+20 summit in 2012. Ban implicitly endorses the SDG list that was proposed by the UN’s Open Working Group in summer (see box below). He neither suggests to take an item off the agenda, nor to add one. The final decisions will be taken by the special summit in New York this year. To transform the global community, more is needed than goals. Accordingly, Ban calls for mechanisms to monitor pro- gress and review policies at national and international levels, adding that statisti- cal capacities must be improved for this purpose (also see D+C/E+Z 2014/12, p. 450). In regard to finance, Ban makes several points, including the following: Official development assistance (ODA) will stay important, and should increas- ingly be directed to the poorest and most vulnerable countries. All donor nations should fulfil the old pledge of spending 0.7 % of GNP on ODA, while emerging markets must in- creasingly assume roles as donors. There is a need for a coherent frame- work for ODA and climate finance. More needs to be done in terms of re- structuring sovereign debt in a trans- parent, orderly and participatory way. Illicit financial flows must be tackled. According to the document, all coun- tries must have access to environment- friendly technology, and intellectual property rights must not become insur- mountable obstacles. Tackling climate change is stated to be particularly urgent because global warming exacerbates all other threats humankind faces. Hans Dembowski Link: Synthesis report of the UN secretary general on the post-2015 agenda: documents/5527SR_advance%20unedited_final.pdf United Nations The road to dignity Ban Ki-moon speaking in Nairobi in October. BenCurtis/APPhoto/picture-alliance Ban Ki-moon’s recent synthesis report reconfirms the list of Sustainable Devel- opment Goals that was proposed by UN’s Open Working Group. It includes 17 goals and more than 120 indicators. The goals are: 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote ­well-being for all at all ages 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long ­learning opportunities for all 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all 9. Build resilient infrastructure, pro- mote inclusive and sustainable indus- trialisation and foster innovation 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustain- able 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 15. Protect, restore and promote sustain- able use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiver- sity loss 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive so­ cieties for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and ­inclusive institutions at all levels 17. Strengthen the means of implemen- tation and revitalise the global part- nership for sustainable development Proposed SDGs