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is an economist at Ipea (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada), a federal think tank in Brazil. Twitter: @A_MelloeSouza

All articles of André de Mello e Souza

International affairs

Why BRICS+ may prove weaker than expected

By admitting six new members to their informal group, the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) may be thwarting its capacity for collective action.

Global agenda

Global public goods matter for global development

The international community must address urgent worldwide challenges with full determination

Authoritarian leaders

Brazil defended democracy more effectively than the US

Donald Trump and Jair Bolsonaro adopted similar strategies, but Brazil offered a stronger and faster response against threats to presidential election results than the United States

Indigenous people

The Yanomami are dying, and their blood is on Bolsonaro's hands

Brazil’s biggest ethnic group, the Yanomami, are being wiped out by hunger and disease. The Bolsonaro government is to blame.


The concept of official development assistance is outdated

Global public goods require international cooperation, but high-income countries are not making sufficient contributions

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Democracy under attack

8 January 2023 in Brasília looked like 6 January 2021 in Washington

In protest against legitimate election results, right-wing extremists vandalised government buildings


The heavy burden of a strong dollar

How the fast appreciating US currency is causing stress in developing countries and emerging markets


A Lula victory could save Brazil’s democracy

Why Brazil’s run-off election on 30 October may become the last fee and fair one

Rules of governance

Demise of Brazil’s democracy would speed up climate crisis

If President Bolsonaro stays in office, he will further undermine Brazil’s institutions of democratic governance

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