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German development agencies

Ridwanul Hoque’s views on reform

by Ridwanul Hoque

Opinion

Ridwanul Hoque

Ridwanul Hoque

Germany’s Federal Government intends to merge GTZ, DED and InWEnt. D+C asked some of our foreign contributors what they think up-to-date development cooperation should be like. All answers will be posted on our website in the original, unedited versions. This is the response by Ridwanul Hoque, law professor at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Internationally, poverty has only been successfully fought where the private sector has thrived. How can and should a donor agency best support developing countries in this respect?
I think for many developing countries the strategy should be to collaborate with private sectors. But it is also important to note that regarding some essential service sectors public agencies need to be strengthened. Private-public partnership may also be a preferred means of cooperation.

The Millennium Development Goals stress progress in specific sectors. How can and should a donor agency for technical cooperation best support developing countries in this respect?
This can be done by focusing on the most urgent priority areas out of those specific sectors. For example, donor agencies for Bangladesh may take up environment, education, and the health sectors.

The Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action stress the relevance of enhancing government capacities. How can and should a donor agency best support developing countries in this respect?
I think 'government capacities' is a big project as it encompasses virtually everything in the governance system. Here donor agencies should refer to independent studies to find out the areas of governance that need more comprehensive attention.

Good and responsible governance have figured high on the development agenda ever since the World Bank’s World Development Report of 1997. How can and should a donor agency best support developing countries in this respect?
By developing capacity building in the main three organs of the government: parliament, judiciary and the executive. For a developing country, donors' works vi-a-vis the executive should focus on accountability institutions such as anticorruption commissions.

In regard to the past, what are strong points of GTZ, InWEnt and DED that you would want to last?
I support GTZ's funding in the areas of judicial reform and governance, which are basically non-traditional issues for the GTZ.