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At D+C/E+Z, we are proud of our international network of authors. It is particularly important to us to be a platform for voices from the global south. Some authors contribute on a regular basis, others don't. Here you can find information about the people behind the contributions.

Fernando J. Cardim de Carvalho


last shared his views in D+C/E+Z in spring 2016 as professor of economics at the University of Rio de Janeiro.

All articles of Fernando J. Cardim de Carvalho

International Monetary Fund

Back to original mission

Why emerging markets deserve more say at IMF


European discomfort

The IMF’s role in the euro crisis is awkward

Austerity policy

Shrinking states – and economies

The same sad story – austerity in Europe feels like failed structural adjustment in Africa and Latin America in the past century


In need of new approaches

Brazil's recent development model has been successful, but now the country needs new policies to drive growth and reduce social disparities

Global Governance

The rise and fall of the G20

The emergence of the G20 as a forum of the world’s most important leaders raised great expectations in late 2008. They have been disappointed.

Public-sector bank

Relative insulation

Brazil’s state-owned development Bank BNDES is probably more powerful than many of the country’s federal ministries

World affairs

“I’m not sure the G20 will survive”

Brazililan economist: „I am not sure the G20 will survive“

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