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Winfried Borowczak

last contributed to D+C/E+Z in the winter of 2019/2020 as a social economist and independent consultant specialising in private-sector and organisational development in Africa and Portuguese-speaking countries.  

All articles of Winfried Borowczak

Labour market

Why small-business owners find formalisation unattractive

In Mozambique, for every person working in the formal sector, there are ten in the informal sector

Foreign trade

Mozambique’s trade with ­Germany

Mozambique primarily exports commodities to Germany


Moving away from simple commodity exports

An Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU offers Mozambique opportunities, but the country must grasp them


More than just a slogan?

After suffering catastrophic destruction from cyclones, Mozambique needs more than a simple restoration of the status quo


The conflict between Frelimo and Renamo

Since 2013, the Frelimo government party is involved in a “mini-war” with the Renamo opposition


A deadly power struggle

In Mozambique, a bitter fight has been waged for years over the decentralisation of the country and the associated transfer of power to lower levels

Foreign trade

Mozambique’s foreign trade weakness

Why Mozambique is one of the world’s least competitive countries

Foreign trade

A matter of power and interest

Foreign trade can drive development but the opportunity is not being taken in Mozambique

Private sector

Coherent business promotion

GIZ and German chamber of commerce cooperate closely in Maputo

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